An important artifact by the Adena culture, the Criel Mound in West Virginia is the second , WVlargest Native American burial mound in the state. Located in South Charleston, the mound originally 33 feet high and had a 137 feet diameter. It had a conical shape, but the top has been leveled off in 1840, when the locals built a judge’s stand on the summit, for it had the best view of the racetrack around the base of the mound.
Estimated to have been created in 250-150 BC, the mound was excavated in 1883-84 under the patronage of the US Bureau of Ethnology and the supervision of Col. P.W. Norris. Inside the mound where thirteen skeletons — two near the top, and eleven at the base. One large skeleton was in the center of the base, with the remaining ten arrange around it in a circle, wrapped in elm bark. Among the skeletons were artifacts from the era, like arrowheads, lanceheads, and shell and pottery fragments. The central skeleton was accompanied by a fish-dart, a lance-head, and a sheet of hammered native copper. The skeletons and the artifacts have been transfered to the Smithsonian Institute.
South Charleston, WV 25303